Tajweed Rules With Examples
The first thing to remember when talking about Tajweed Rules is that these rules govern the recitation of the Quran. Thus, it can be a bit confusing at first. However, to clear up any confusion you may have about what Tajweed Rules are and how they can help you in your recitations. Here are some important points to keep in mind about using them in your recitations of Quran, as well as the benefits you will experience from using them consistently. Let’s get started!
What is Tajweed?
The word tajweed means to make something better, improve. Tajweed of the Quran means the knowledge and rules of recitation. Thus, the recitation of the Quran should be like how the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) recited it.
The Principles of Tajweed
The science of tajweed has several principles that should be understood in order to gain insight into the science. A person seeking to learn science should familiarize himself with the science’s principles.
Tajweed means betterment which means articulating every letter from its point of articulation and giving it the dues of characteristics. A letter’s rights are its required characteristics that never leave it. A letter’s dues are its presented characteristics that are sometimes present in it and sometimes not.
Having tajweed knowledge is fardh kifayaah. The Muslim community should know about it. Its application is fardh ‘ain. It is important and should be applied by every Muslim who has memorized at least a single Surah.
Some passages from the Quran and even from certain Hadiths as well.
During the reading of the Quran, it protects the tongue from mistakes in pronunciation.
Practically speaking, the rule setter is the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), since the Quran was revealed to him by Allah, with tajweed (perfection). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received it from Jibreel, the Trustworthy, and taught it to his companions. They taught it to their followers, and so on until it comes to us through these chains. However, scholars of the Quran sciences are the decision makers from a scientific perspective. One of those scholars includes Abu ‘Ubaid Al-Qasim bin Sallaam.
Both Arabic and non-Arabic Muslims are meant to benefit from the Tajweed Rules of the Quran. It directs us toward perfect recitation of the Holy Quran. We may quickly pick up these rules and use them to improve our reading.
However, they are not particularly challenging; all they require is some practice under the guidance of a skilled instructor. The Holy Quran was revealed to Mohammed (PBUH), Allah’s messenger, by the angel Gabriel, as is totally obvious. Most of the time, those rules were set by our beloved prophet Mohammed (PBUH) to help in Quran reciting.
While reading, it protects the tongue against mispronunciations of the Holy Quran. Muslims should get familiar with the Tajweed Rules of the Quran. They should understand them well and repeatedly apply these rules while reciting. There are four fundamental factors that are as follows:
- Tongue exercises and a lot of repetition
- The properties of the individual letters.
- The letter’s pronunciation points.
- The order of the letters causes rules to change.
Common Tajweed Mistakes
In terms of tajweed, non-Arabs tend to mistake the timing of the vowels and the madd letters. At first, one might imagine that the letters in Arabic that are not found in other languages would prove problematic.
Arabic has a few letters that are similar to those of other languages. However, they do not share the same articulation points with their counterparts. These letters that are present in Arabic are:
ض ص غ ع خ ح ط ظ
Following are some letters with comparable sounds in other languages but different articulation points:
د ت ف ك ر ل
Use the tongue tip on the upper side for the first two (beginning from the right). It is the area between the two top front incisors’ gum lines and the tip of the tongue. Similar letters can be found in many other languages, such as the “d” and “t” in English. Whereas they employ the same articulation point as the Arabs. They speak these letters from a posterior place in the mouth. As a result, when reading the Quran, certain letters are mispronounced.
Non-Arabs may struggle to pronounce the letters ra’ and lam correctly. The tongue tip, top of the tip, and gums of the two upper incisors are used by the ra. However, hitting the gum is what makes the ra’ work. Many Muslims attempt to say the letter ra’ without putting their tongue to their gum. Some people wrongly pronounce “r” with their throat, just like the French do. The Arabic letter lam is the one that is most frequently used by the tongue.
Making adequate pauses and starts is a third error made by both Arabs and non-Arabs. This error has a few different aspects. The correct way to end a word is the first consideration. It is forbidden to stop utilizing the harakah, or vowel, on the word’s final letter.
Stopping at a place that does not contradict the meaning intended by Allah is the second aspect of stopping. Starting up after pausing and breathing can result in the same error. The meaning must be kept in mind before moving on to the following word in a random manner. Start with a word that accurately and fully conveys its meaning.
One point that is extremely important. To properly recite the Quran, a Muslim must master the Arabic letters and vowels and NOT use a transcription. The numerous letters that have similar sounds to the casual listener are not taken into account in transliterations.
The pronunciations are heard extremely differently. We must be very careful to read the Quran correctly and with the correct pronunciation because it was revealed to man as a guide. By pronouncing letters incorrectly when reading a transcription, the Arabic Quran’s meaning might be altered.
Tajweed Rules chart is readily available online. You can easily learn basic tajweed rules in English from any authentic Islamic website. The following are the tajweed rules:
Noon and Meem Mushaddad Rule
It is that noon or meem that has a two-beat shaddah with Ghunnah.
Al –Qalqalah Rule
When any of the letters Qaaf, Ttaa, Baa, Jiim, or Daal is pronounced with sukoon or shaddah, it produces the vibration and sound known as al-Qalqalah.
Noon saakinah and Tanween Rules
Noon Saakinah is defined as noon without a Haraka or with a Sukoon. Tanween is the noon Saakinah which is pronounced at the end of the nouns. It is the noon Saakinah which is present without noon.
Meem Saakinah Rules
Meem Saakin is the meem with a Sukoon sign or without a Harakah.
- Idghaam Shafawi: Combining a Saakin Meem with a Mutaharrik Meem and then adding two Ghunnah beats afterward.
- Izhaar Shafawi: Clear Meem Saakinah with full lip contact when it is followed by any letter other than Baa and Meem.
- Ikhfaa Shafawi: Concealing meem by the Baa when the lips are not in contact properly with the two beats of Ghunnah.
Al-Madd is known as long. Depending on the situation, it can take two to six beats to lengthen the Madd letters. There are different types of Madd letters. The first type is known as the leen letters. A letter with a Fathah comes before these letters. They include Waaw Saakinah and Yaa Saakinah.
On the other hand, the other type of Madd letter is huroof maddiyyah. Each has a letter that likely contains a haraka before it. We are going to mention them as follows:
- A Kasra comes before Yaa Saakinah.
- A Dhammah comes before Waaw Saakinah.
- A Fathah comes before the alif saakinah.
Effective Tips To Learn Tajweed Rules for Kids
Understanding Tajweed rules is important to understanding the Quran. It motivates us to learn how Arabic words are used and pronounced. Our ultimate objective should be to be able to recite the Quran flawlessly. While studying a language with such strict rules as tajweed can be difficult for a learner. It doesn’t have to be so intimidating. You can learn Tajweed Rules with examples quite quickly. The best tips to Learn Tajweed Rules for Kids are as follows.
1) Improve Your Tone Of Voice
Additionally important are the rise and fall of the reading as well as your voice and sound quality. You must become aware of when to increase the volume. To improve your reciting, know when to back off and where to be quiet.
You will benefit far more from Tajweed’s indications and regulations if you adopt the proper attributes, leading to the best potential recitation. Given that it involves a lot of throat function, it will be challenging. But if you keep exercising, ultimately you will grasp it and become used to it.
When you are a beginner, learning Tajweed to enhance your Arabic and Quran recitation may seem like an enormous challenge. However, you must constantly remind yourself that doing this will guarantee you great benefits. When you are focused on doing the right actions as you kept exploring for knowledge, what initially seems overwhelming becomes simple.
2) Teach Everything You Learn
Showing the equivalent to others is the best way to master anything in the shortest amount of time. What’s more, how effective a Muslim can you be if you’re the one imparting Quranic knowledge to others? In this way, start by showing it to your family and friends before moving on to others.
You can also start teaching children at home. Help them understand the foundational principles of Tajweed, the standards, and other topics. And you’ll never forget the advice you gave to others.
3) Practice Makes You Perfect
All of your online quran classes of tajweed and quran listening come to life because you are practicing tajweed. Tajweed practice is the key to perfecting both your tajweed and Quran recital. After learning tajweed principles, be sure to incorporate them into your everyday speech. Use it in your everyday speech once you’ve gotten the hang of something. As often as you could fairly anticipate with the intention of getting you used to it.
When you regularly put something into practice and apply what you learn to your everyday life, you begin to adapt to it gradually. Use what you learn about tajweed in a similar way in your daily activities.